Acid - A naturally occurring
chemical that has some insecticidal
and anti-microbial properties.
Tick - A small tick (about
the size of a pinhead). It is
this tick that can carry the
Lyme disease causing organism
a pyrethroid insecticide with a
very high level of activity against
ticks (and fleas). When Deltamethrin
is formulated into a (flea and)
tick collar, it demonstrates multiple
effects against this (these) parasite(s),
including repellency, rapid knockdown,
and effective, long lasting kill.
Deltamethrin should not be used
Sensitization - One type
of safety test that is required
for EPA registration of an insecticide/pesticide
to determine whether the product
is a sensitizer (causes an allergic
Environmental Protection Agency
is the government agency that regulates
chemical products such as insecticides
and pesticides. The EPA is responsible
for ensuring that each product
is safe for use for both the consumer
and the environment. Before an
insecticide may be sold in commerce
(through any channel-vet, pet)
it must be registered and approved by the
F.A.D. - "Flea
Allergy Dermatitis" or "Flea
Bite Hypersensitivity" is
the most common dermatological
disease of domestic dogs in the
USA. When fleas feed, they inject
saliva that contains enzymes and
histamine-like substances, which
cause irritation and pruritis (itching).
Repeated exposure to these substances
can cause an animal to become hypersensitive.
A blood-sucking insect, which feeds
on animals, can bite humans and
is capable of jumping from 14 to
16 inches. Female fleas begin laying
eggs within 48 hours of their first
blood meal and can lay as many
as 200 eggs in a matter of days.
Dirt - Organic matter on which
flea larvae feed. Flea dirt
consists of partially digested
blood (flea droppings), which
is left behind by the blood sucking
adult flea. It can sometimes
be seen in the fur of light colored
pets, but usually drops off onto
the ground, where the flea eggs
and larvae are.
Growth Regulator (IGRs) -
A class of materials that control
insects by disrupting normal
growth and development, rather
than by toxic action (poisoning).
The life stage of a flea or tick
that hatches from the egg. Flea
larvae are small yellowish maggot-like
looking creatures, while tick larvae
or "seed ticks" are tiny
six legged ticks. The larvae of
both fleas and ticks must feed
before further development can
A natural substance found in oils
of Ceylon cinnamon, sassafras,
orange flower, bergamot, Artemisia
balchanorum, ylang ylang. Linalool
has insecticidal activity and is
used in shampoos, dips and sprays
for flea control.
Disease - A disease caused
by a bacterium (Borellia burgdorferi)
and transmitted by the bite of
an infected deer tick. Early
symptoms can include, but are
not necessarily restricted to,
a slowly expanding red rash and
flu-like symptoms such as fatigue,
slight fever and swollen glands.
Advanced symptoms include arthritis,
irregular heartbeat, severe headaches
and loss of sensation.
Species of mosquitoes are the most
prominent bloodsucking insects
that annoy man and other warm-blooded
animals. Not only are their bites
(and subsequent itching welts)
annoying, but mosquitoes can transmit
several serious diseases to man
and animals, including malaria,
dengue fever, filariasis, encephalitis
viruses and heartworm.
OP is a classification of insecticides
that kill fleas and ticks by interfering
with the normal activity of the
insects' nervous system.
Active ingredient used in combination
with NYLAR® in Bio Spot® for
Dogs. See pyrethroids. Permethrin
should never be applied to cats
An insect developmental stage (frequently
spent in a cocoon) in which the
larva metamorphoses (transforms)
into the adult insect. For example,
in butterflies the larva (caterpillar)
spins a cocoon and becomes a pupa,
which then changes into the adult
Active ingredient used in many
flea and tick products. Pyrethrins
are extracts of a species of Chrysanthemum,
which act on the insects' central
nervous system and are relatively
A large class of insecticides produced
to duplicate or improve on the
biological activity of natural
pyrethrins. These compounds include:
permethrin, fenvalerate, phenothrin.
An active ingredient in a product
that has the ability to repel fleas
and ticks, thus preventing them
from infesting a dog or cat.
Mountain Spotted Fever -
A disease transmitted by the
bite of a Rocky Mountain wood
tick. Symptoms include, but are
not restricted to, fever, loss
of appetite, coughing, labored
breathing and abdominal pain.
Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) - A
commonly used in many food and
household products (toothpaste,
shampoo, dish soap). SLS also
has insecticidal activity. By
removing the naturally occurring
hydrocarbons (oils) from insects'
it causes them to dehydrate (dry
out) and die.
a blood-sucking creature related
to spiders. The type of tick that
bothers dogs and cats are "three-host
ticks", feeding on different
animals during their life cycle.
When they bite a pet, ticks engorge
themselves with blood. When full,
they can live for months without
® Nylar is a registered trademark of McLaughlin Gormley King Co.